L-Carnitine has been shown to help maintain normal levels of total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, lipoprotein(a) (associated with LDL cholesterol) and triglycerides.
It also promotes healthy sperm count and sperm motility.
- Cofactor that is required for the metabolism of fats and their subsequent transport into the mitochondria, where they undergo oxidation and produce energy.
- Best known for its cardiac benefits; in the heart muscle, it facilitates fatty acid use and promotes rhythm, myocardial blood flow and cardiac output.
- It has also been shown to benefit athletic performance.
- For example, studies show improvements in running speed, increased maximal oxygen uptake and decreases in average oxygen consumption, heart rate and lactic acid.
- In addition to supporting athletic performance, cardiac function, healthy lipid levels and reproductive health, it has also been shown to promote general wellbeing, appetite control and carbohydrate metabolism.
- Individuals prone to being deficient in L-carnitine or for whom supplementation would be advisable, include those on dialysis or who are HIV-positive.