Molybdenum 500 mcg is efficiently absorbed in the stomach and the small intestine.
- The organs that retain most of the absorbed molybdenum are the liver and kidney.
- Molybdenum metabolism is dynamic, and tissue turnover is high.
- Plasma levels are efficiently regulated by the kidneys which readily excrete any excess molybdenum.
- Significant amounts of molybdenum are also excreted via the bile.
- Xanthine oxidase and xanthine dehydrogenase are two important molybdoenzymes converting hypoxanthine to xanthine to uric acid.
- Molybdenum is also involved in sulfur metabolism as a cofactor of sulfite oxidase which converts potentially toxic sulfite to sulfate. This reaction is necessary for the normal metabolism of sulfur amino acids.
Directions: Adults take one capsule daily as a dietary supplement, or as directed by a healthcare professional.
Warning: Doses above the recommended Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL) of 2 mg/day might exacerbate hyperuricemia and gout.